The Center for National Health Development in Ethiopia (CNHDE) is a Project of the Earth Institute at Columbia University involved in supporting efforts for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in Ethiopia. The Center's activities focus on providing technical and scientific guidance and support to assist with the implementation of the Health Extension Package (HEP) and the Millennium Development Goals and Millennium Villages in Ethiopia, and coordinating the Malaria Quick Impact Initiative for Africa.
CNHDE's activities focus on:
|Health Extension Package (HEP)|
|Millennium Development Goals in Ethiopia|
|Millennium Villages in Ethiopia|
|Malaria Quick Impact Initiative|
A large part of the Center's work is to provide technical guidance and support for the Health Extension Program (HEP), an innovative Ministry of Health program that aims for universal coverage of primary health care. The program gives priority to the prevention and control of communicable disease with active community participation, with the goal of providing equitable access to health services. The government has now decided to accelerate the implementation of the HEP in order to cover the whole country, through training and placement of 30,000 health workers by 2009. After training, the graduates will be placed in 15,000 villages (average population of 5,000 each) for a total coverage of over 12 million people throughout the country by 2009. The first 2800 health workers have already graduated their one-year training course at the end of 2004, and another 7000 will complete their training in 2005.
With the cooperation of the Federal Ministry of Health, the Center will also serve as an independent evaluator of the Health Extension Program (HEP) and other health programs by engaging in the assessment of the progress of HEP implementation and related activities of the general health system.
The Center will provide technical support in the collection of baseline information to be used in the evaluation of the HEP implementation.
The goal of improving national health in Ethiopia will be approached through four main program areas:
The Millennium Development Goals for Ethiopia
The CNHDE supports the efforts of different partners across different sectors for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Ethiopia. The goals that were endorsed at the UN summit in September 2000, are the world's time-bound and quantified targets for addressing extreme poverty in its many dimensions-income poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter, and exclusion-while promoting gender equality, education, and environmental sustainability. They are also basic human rights-the rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter, and security.
The Millennium Village Project
The CNHDE provides scientific and technical advice for Millennium Villages in Ethiopia, which are operated by Millennium Development Ethiopia with its partner, Millennium Promise. Millennium Villages Project plans to provide early successes on how to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - clear targets for reducing poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women by 2015. As the Millennium Villages Project achieves successes, it will work with national governments and local organizations to scale up these poverty-reducing measures.
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The Quick Impact Initiative
In addition, the CNHDE is the coordinating office for the UN Millennium Project’s Quick Impact Initiative on Malaria, which marks a crucial opportunity for scaling up best practices and developing new approaches where needed to attain significant reductions in the malaria burden over the immediate term.
FROM OTHER SOURCES
Medical news today:
Earth Institute Supports Accelerated Expansion of Health System for Ethiopia