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 Health Extension Program MDGs in Ethiopia Millennium Villages Malaria Quick Impact



Millennium Development Goal 4
     Reduce child mortality 
Target: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015 , the under five mortality rate
Under five mortality rate
Infant mortality rate

Proportion of one-year old children immunized against measles

Three of the MDGs are related to health: reducing child mortality (Goal 4), iMproving maternal health (Goal 5), and halting the spread of Acquired Himan Immunodeficiency Sunderom (HIV/AIDS), malaria and other communicable diseases (Goal 6).

The emphasis given to health among the MDGs indicates to its central role in reaching the MDGs specifically those related to eduction and poverty.

There has been encouraging progress in recent years towards improving some basic aspects of life in Ethiopia. Since 1996 the rate of malnutrition has fallen by 20%, the share of the population with access to clean water has risen to 38% and according to the studies there has been a steady decline in the reported incidence of illness. Nonetheless, human development indicators in Ethiopia still remain at low levels as compared to countries around the world.

More than 15% of children die before their fifth birthday; 47% of children are malnourished in some form or another. With under five mortality rate of 140 (per 1000 live births) Ethiopian children are among the least favored.

Under five mortality rate (per 1000 live births)
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births)
Proportion of one-year old children immunized against measles
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel



Millennium Development Goal 5
Improve maternal health
Target: Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
Maternal mortality ratio
Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel

Maternal mortality, at 871 per 100,000 is about the highest in the world.

Ethiopia is one of the countries hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, with an estimated 1.5 million citizens (2.2%) currently living with the disease, while 8.2% of them are AIDS cases.  The prevalence of HIV among adults is estimated at 4.4%. The country has been reported to have the 6th largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the world.

Indicator 2004
HIV prevalence
HIV prevalence among adult population
Contraceptive prevalence rate
Percentage of infant mortality due to malaria (health facility based)
Percentage of under five children who slept under ITN
Percentage of pregnant women who slept under ITN
Proportion of health facilities delivering DOTS (for treatment of TB)



Millennium Development Goal 6
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases 
Target: HHave halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS;
      Have halted by 2015 and begun reverse the       incidence of malaria and other diseases
HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15 to 24
Contraceptive prevalence rate
Condom use at last high risk sex
Percentage of 15-24 year-olds with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14
Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria
Proportion of population in malaria risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures
Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course (DOTS)

Malaria stands as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia , where nearly 48 million people live in malaria risk areas. Three quarters of Ethiopia 's total landmass is regarded as malarious. More than 4 million clinical cases are reported yearly from health facilities and communities, reflecting the magnitude of the problem. Malaria also accounts for 20% of all inpatient admissions in health facilities; and it remains a major cause of mortality, with proportional mortality rates of 27% in the health facilities. Generally, it accounts for 30% of the disease burden in all age groups.


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UN Millennium Project documents
Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health
Task Force HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and Access to Essential Medicines
Working Group on HIV/AIDS
Working Group on Malaria
Working Group on TB
Working Group on Access to Essential drugs