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Development Goals in Ethiopia


The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the world's time-bound and quantified targets for addressing extreme poverty in its many dimensions-income poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter, and exclusion-while promoting gender equality, education, and environmental sustainability. They are also basic human rights-the rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter, and security as pledged in the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights and UN Millennoum Declaration.

The MDGs vision is based on the overall paradigm that poor nations will commit to good governance and science based development policies and scaling-up best practices and rich countries will commit to much greater financial assistance, access to markets and expanded knowledge transfer to achieve the MDGs.

The MDGs have set forward specific targets and respective indicators, for each development sector. The targets have the year 2015 as their year of fulfillment and they include among others: halving the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day, halving the proportion of people who suffer from hunger; reducing by two third and by three quarters the under-five mortality and maternal mortality rates respectively; and achieving universal primary school coverage.

Click here for the complete list of goals and targets

MDGs at a Glance
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger by 2015
Achieve universal primary education by 2015
Promote gender equality and empower women
Reduce child mortality
Improve maternal health
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Ensure environmental sustainability
Develop a global partnership
for development


Further to the MDGs declared at the UN millennium Summit, Ethiopia has carried out an assessment of what it takes to meet the MDGs. This effort was strongly supported by the UN Millennium Project, with the leadership of Proffessor Jeffery Sachs.

According to the needs assessment, halving the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day (Goal 1) by growth alone would require rates between 6 and 7 percent.

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Investing in Development
The Millennium Project, Report to the Secretary General
Sector specific MDGs